Pakistan Alliance for Nicotine and Tobacco Harm Reduction (PANTHR)


Resources - Articles


Flavor Ban Risks Lives, Warns Cardiologist (January 14, 2022)
Restrictions on flavors in vaping products would be a drastic setback in the battle to reduce the 48,000 Canadian lives lost every year to smoking, according to a new independent study released on Jan. 11.

Flavor Ban Risks Lives, Warns Cardiologist

Ten Underlying Reasons Behind Opposition to Vaping (January 14, 2022)
For decades, tobacco control and public health organizations have sought to stigmatize tobacco, nicotine, smoking and smokers. The invention of vaping, a far safer nicotine alternative which looks like smoking, is a threat to their strongly-held views and the traditional approach.

Ten Underlying Reasons Behind Opposition to Vaping

Remaining smokers in Norway don't really want to quit (January 14, 2022)
"The results of our study shows that it might be about time to better facilitate a transition from dangerous tobacco products to less harmful ones, such as e-cigarettes and snus (dry snuff)", says tobacco researcher Karl Erik Lund at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH).

Remaining smokers in Norway don't really want to quit

Swedish Match Divestment: Considerations for the Tobacco Transformation Index (January 14, 2022)
In September 2021, Swedish Match AB announced that it plans to spin off its cigar business and become an entirely "smokefree" company. The spin-off is targeted for completion by the second half of 2022. As Table 1 illustrates, cigars currently represent 28% of Swedish Match's revenue, with the remainder of its portfolio mostly comprising oral tobacco and nicotine products: snus, moist snuff, chewing tobacco, and non-tobacco nicotine pouches.

Swedish Match Divestment: Considerations for the Tobacco Transformation Index

Patent Landscape Report (September 2021) (October 20, 2021)
This report was produced with the help of a grant from the Foundation for a Smoke-Free World, Inc. The contents, selection and presentation of facts, as well as any opinions expressed herein, are the sole responsibility of the authors and under no circumstances shall be regarded as reflecting the positions of the Foundation for a Smoke-Free World, Inc.

Patent Landscape Report (September 2021)

Assessing the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Cigarette Smokers and Use of Alternative Nicotine Delivery Systems in Pakistan: A Cross-Sectional Study (September 27, 2021)
The component of smoking cessation is almost missing in Pakistan's existing tobacco control efforts and policies. There is a need to establish smoking cessation clinics in hospitals and create buy-in through mass awareness. This assistance should be backed with public advocacy on the negative effects of combustible smoking. Pakistan also needs to develop durable mechanisms to control illicit trade of cigarettes in order to restrict available options of buying cheap, illicit, or smuggled cigarettes. Tobacco law enforcement on smoking at public and private places should be more stringently pursued. There is a need to create an understanding about HRPs, backed by sensible regulation. Currently, the use of HRPs, mainly e-cigarettes, is unregulated and limited to the upper and middle classes. The unregulated use of HRPs in a regulatory vacuum may create space for abuse of HRPs in the form of fake products.

Assessing the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Cigarette Smokers and Use of Alternative Nicotine Delivery Systems in Pakistan: A Cross-Sectional Study

Newsletter September 2021 (September 22, 2021)
Few countries have embraced vaping with as much enthusiasm as the United Kingdom. It currently has three million regular vapers (six per cent of the adult population) and Public Health England's evidence reviews on e-cigarettes are cited around the world. In contrast to much of Europe and North America, public health professionals in Britain broadly regard the emergence of e-cigarettes as a welcome development that has signicantly reduced the smoking rate since they became popular a decade ago.

Newsletter September 2021

Vaping Works International Best Practices: United Kingdom, New Zealand, France and Canada (September 10, 2021)
The Property Rights Alliance congratulates Christopher Snowdon (Institute of Economic Affairs, the UK), Louis Houlbrooke (New Zealand Taxpayers' Union, New Zealand), Patrick Coquart (IREF, France), and Prof. Ian Irvine (Concordia University, Canada) on the contributed case studies on vaping from their respective countries to the white paper, "Vaping Works. International Best Practices: United Kingdom, New Zealand, France and Canada." These case studies analyze the policies implemented by governments on electronic cigarettes and combustible tobacco products for smoking cessation efforts in the UK, New Zealand, France and Canada.

Vaping Works International Best Practices: United Kingdom, New Zealand, France and Canada

POINT: e-Cigarette Use for Harm Reduction in Tobacco Use Disorder? Yes (September 10, 2021)
The case for e-cigarettes for harm reduction is straightforward. Almost all the harm caused by tobacco use arises from inhaling the products of combustion (smoke) of dried cured tobacco leaf. e-Cigarettes use electricity to heat a liquid to form an inhalable nicotine-bearing aerosol. There is no combustion involved; therefore, there are no products of combustion to inhale. This means the main harmful agents in tobacco smoke are either not present at detectable levels or are present at much lower concentrations than in cigarette smoke. A smoker who switches completely to e-cigarette use ("vaping") is therefore exposed to much lower levels of the toxicants that are the main causes of smoking-related disease.

POINT: e-Cigarette Use for Harm Reduction in Tobacco Use Disorder? Yes

Clinical Pharmacology of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS): Implications for Benefits and Risks in the Promotion of the Combusted Tobacco Endgame. (August 31, 2021)
Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) such as e-cigarettes and heated tobacco products are novel battery-operated devices that deliver nicotine without combustion of tobacco. Because cigarette smoking is sustained by nicotine addiction and the toxic combustion products are mainly responsible for the harmful effects of smoking, ENDS could be used to promote smoking cessation while exposing users to lower levels of toxicants compared with conventional cigarettes.

Clinical Pharmacology of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS): Implications for Benefits and Risks in the Promotion of the Combusted Tobacco Endgame.

Newsletter August 2021 (August 12, 2021)
Despite 8 million annual smoking-related deaths, the World Health Organizations (WHO) seems to have decided that it doesn't have to deal with safer nicotine alternatives until 2023.

Newsletter August 2021

President Derek Yach's Statement on the WHO's Global Tobacco Epidemic Report (July 30, 2021)
"The WHO's tobacco control approach is fundamentally flawed. In 20 years, they have simply failed to make any meaningful progress to reduce tobacco consumption, with over 1bn tobacco users today and 8m people dying annually from tobacco-related illnesses."

President Derek Yach's Statement on the WHO's Global Tobacco Epidemic Report

Hierarchy of Harm Reduction Disagreement (July 27, 2021)
Before 2020, I knew very little about tobacco control. My knowledge did not go beyond what most people know - that cigarettes are bad for your health and could kill you. Subsequently, tobacco harm reduction was a foreign concept to me, although it made logical sense. I volunteered in Lesotho with the Peace Corps; the idea of harm reduction was often used when referring to the HIV/AIDS crisis. Although I did not know much about tobacco control, I was aware that harm reduction had been proven to work in other fields of public health.

Hierarchy of Harm Reduction Disagreement

Tobacco Harm Reduction: Time to Change Attitudes (July 27, 2021)
In a speech I gave to the Global Forum on Nicotine in June, I noted that when it comes to harm reduction, policy lags far behind the science. For years, decades, even, politicians and health authorities who should know better have ignored, derided and undermined such measures, stuck in a past in which the tobacco industry played a big, bad role.

Tobacco Harm Reduction: Time to Change Attitudes

ARI Newsletter (Volume 1, Issue 5) (July 14, 2021)
Back in 1998, the WHO launched World No Tobacco Day (WMTD) to highlight the dangers of combustible smoking, strengthen global efforts to get smokers to quit and provide an international platform for new anti-smoking policies.

ARI Newsletter (Volume 1, Issue 5)

UK Health Agency Reaffirms the Power of Vaping to Help Smokers Quit (July 02, 2021)
On June 25, the United Kingdom's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) published new draft guidelines encouraging health care professionals to disseminate clear and up-to-date information for smokers who want to use vapes to quit cigarettes.

UK Health Agency Reaffirms the Power of Vaping to Help Smokers Quit

World No Tobacco Day 2021 Shows Tobacco Control at a Crossroads (June 15, 2021)
Back in 1988, the World Health Organization launched World No Tobacco Day (WNTD) to highlight the dangers of combustible smoking, strengthen global efforts to get smokers to quit and provide an international platform for new anti-smoking policies. The idea was for the organization's member states to present a united front in the fight against tobacco, and their message was stark: quit, or die.

World No Tobacco Day 2021 Shows Tobacco Control at a Crossroads

ARI Newsletter (Volume 1, Issue 4) (June 10, 2021)
More than 30 years since the first World No Tobacco Day(WNTD), there are still 8 million annual deaths attributed to tobacco use and more than 1 billion individuals still smoke.

ARI Newsletter (Volume 1, Issue 4)

Potential deaths averted in USA by replacing cigarettes with e-cigarettes (June 02, 2021)
Introduction US tobacco control policies to reduce cigarette use have been effective, but their impact has been relatively slow. This study considers a strategy of switching cigarette smokers to e-cigarette use ('vaping') in the USA to accelerate tobacco control progress.

Potential deaths averted in USA by replacing cigarettes with e-cigarettes

On World No Tobacco Day, Foundation for a Smoke-Free World Urges Smokers to Quit or Switch to Harm-Reduction Products (May 28, 2021)
NEW YORK, May 27, 2021 - More than 30 years since the first World No Tobacco Day (WNTD), there are still 8 million annual deaths attributed to tobacco use and more than 1 billion individuals still smoke. These facts are proof that health policies and actions have not been adequate.

On World No Tobacco Day, Foundation for a Smoke-Free World Urges Smokers to Quit or Switch to Harm-Reduction Products

Cessation, The Right to Health (May 20, 2021)

About 1,300 million people still use tobacco. One billion of them smoke cigarettes, and many of these want to stop. Every day a smoker over 35 continues to smoke they lose about 3-6 hours of life, thus for the estimated 500 million current adult smokers 62 million days of life are lost every day.

Cessation, The Right to Health

Newsletter (Volume 1, Issue 3) (May 18, 2021)

In a report released on March 31, 2021, the All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) on Vaping has called upon the UK government to make the most of Brexit by challenging the World Health Organization's opposition to vaping at the upcoming Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Conference of Parties (COP).

Newsletter (Volume 1, Issue 3)

Report Details Failures to Scale Up Tobacco Harm Reduction in Asia (April 20, 2021)

On April 16, the Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction (GSTHR) released its newest report-"Tobacco Harm Reduction: A Burning Issue for Asia"-detailing how countries in the region have largely failed to consider safer nicotine products (SNPs) to combat the smoking-related death toll.

Report Details Failures to Scale Up Tobacco Harm Reduction in Asia

Newsletter (Volume 1, Issue 2) (April 12, 2021)

Imagine the outrage if an international non-governmental organization (NGO) focusing on drug abuse called for naloxone manufacturers to not sell their products in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) on grounds that it would confuse regulators and the public, suggesting instead that they focus on ending opioid abuse using only regulatory and educational approaches? How would NGOs in these countries react if this international NGO went further and called on governments to ban the use of naloxone? Recall that naloxone is about 85-95% effective in preventing death from an opioid overdose.

Newsletter (Volume 1, Issue 2)

Bringing Everyone to the Tobacco Table (March 27, 2021)

In his new book, Good Business: The Talk, Fight, Win Way to Change the World, Bill Novelli describes, among other things, opportunities that may arise from working with a cancelled industry. Ultimately, however, Novelli's inconsistency on this stance reveals the power of cancel culture to stifle dialogue and impede clearheaded action.

Bringing Everyone to the Tobacco Table

With Excess Menthol Use Affecting Black Americans, U.S. Policy Efforts Continue to Fall Short (March 24, 2021)

In the United States, menthol cigarettes rose to popularity during the 1950s. At about the same time, manufacturers began focusing their marketing efforts on Black Americans. The effects of these campaigns can be felt today, with Black smokers making up more than one quarter of all menthol users in the United States.

With Excess Menthol Use Affecting Black Americans, U.S. Policy Efforts Continue to Fall Short

Vaping better than nicotine replacement therapy for stopping smoking, evidence suggests. (February 25, 2021)
The report takes an in-depth look at the latest evidence on the effectiveness of nicotine vaping products in helping people to stop smoking. The report also provides an update on the use of nicotine vaping products among young people and adults and examines the data on people's perception of risk.

Vaping better than nicotine replacement therapy for stopping smoking, evidence suggests.

FCTC Secretariat relaunches plan for accelerated tobacco control, Part II: A case study (January 25, 2021)
In Part I, I discussed failures in the implementation of the Global Strategy to Accelerate Tobacco Control 2019-2025 (GS2025). As that post indicates, there are many factors contributing to shortcomings on this front. In the current piece, I focus on one where a country, Thailand, which, in my opinion, is still facing challenges in reducing smoking rates despite putting in place policies as outlined in GS2025.

FCTC Secretariat relaunches plan for accelerated tobacco control, Part II: A case study

It's Time for America to Reclaim its Role in Global Health Leadership. (January 25, 2021)
For decades, the US was a leader in global health. It played a key role in establishing the World Health Organization (WHO), steered the eradication of diseases like smallpox, and guided the development of innumerable standards that underpin modern health policy. Then came the Trump Presidency. Over the past four years, and particularly throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, the administration repeatedly failed to embrace sound health policy, to disastrous effect. The election of Joe Biden must bring about a reversal of these failures.

It's Time for America to Reclaim its Role in Global Health Leadership.

Perspectives regarding the Report on the Tenth Meeting of the WHO (January 25, 2021)
Perspectives regarding the Report on the Tenth Meeting of the WHO Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation to be considered at the 148th session of the Executive Board of the World Health Organization.

Perspectives regarding the Report on the Tenth Meeting of the WHO

Accelerating change: foundation blog (December 23, 2020)
It was an era in which we became accustomed to daily death tolls broadcast on TV; work, school, and play shifted to virtual space; and masks served as both a life-saving accessory and confounding controversy. On many fronts, the era was marked by despair, not only from the virus proper, but also from the isolation.

Accelerating change: foundation blog

Tobacco Transformation Index: Progress and Next Steps (December 19, 2020)
Launched in September of this year, the Tobacco Transformation Index is a comprehensive evaluation of the world's 15 largest tobacco companies. The first tool of its kind, the Index documents companies' sales, investments, and strategies related to the transition away from combustible cigarettes and other high-risk tobacco products-with the ultimate goal of accelerating the reduction of harm caused by tobacco use.

Tobacco Transformation Index: Progress and Next Steps

FCTC Secretariat relaunches plan for accelerated tobacco control, highlighting WHO's bureaucratic inaction (December 17, 2020)
In 2018, the World Health Organization (WHO) adopted the Global Strategy to Accelerate Tobacco Control 2019-2025 (GS2025). Described as "a blueprint for the global tobacco control community," this strategy sought to accelerate implementation of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). Two years later, one cannot help but notice the absence of any report on progress toward this goal-an absence that was made all the more glaring when the WHO relaunched GS2025 last month. Intended to coincide with what would have been the Ninth Session of the Conference of the Parties to the FCTC (COP9), this relaunch only highlighted ongoing failures in policy implementation.

FCTC Secretariat relaunches plan for accelerated tobacco control, highlighting WHO's bureaucratic inaction

The Irreconcilable Conflict Principle (November 10, 2020)
Sometimes defining an iron rule or governing idea and reorganizing our understanding of the world around it can be immensely revealing. Einstein developed the special theory of relativity from an assumption that the speed of light in a vacuum is unwaveringly constant. The most surprising results follow from that. Darwin showed that a simple mechanism, variation and natural selection, could explain much of the astonishing complexity of the natural world. Governing ideas are found everywhere: supply, demand and prices in economics; innocent-until-proven-guilty in criminal justice; and mutually assured destruction in arms control are further examples.

The Irreconcilable Conflict Principle

The Birth of Harm Reduction Informs the World's Need for Safer Nicotine (November 07, 2020)
Early in 1987 the Conservative government took the radical decision to provide sterile injecting equipment to people who inject in response to the HIV crisis. Only a few months before, it had run an anti-heroin campaign. Now it was giving out free syringes.

The Birth of Harm Reduction Informs the World's Need for Safer Nicotine

Tobacco Regulation: Who is Getting It Right? (September 30, 2020)
I recently addressed the 2020 GTNF conference on the topic of "who is getting tobacco regulation right?". My answer was blunt: at present, very few! If we were, we would not have eight million deaths a year from tobacco use. Nor would we have 1.3 billion people still using tobacco products, most in a toxic combustible or dangerous smokeless form. The goal of a regulator should be primarily to reduce that harm in the fastest possible time. Sadly, this isn't the case today.

Tobacco Regulation: Who is Getting It Right?

State ownership of tobacco companies and the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. (September 22, 2020)
The focus of this report is on the contradictions and conflicts experienced by governments that own major stakes in tobacco companies, yet are required to support tobacco control at the same time because they are signatories to the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). The broader tobacco control environment is not covered by the report, although the context is important.

State ownership of tobacco companies and the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.

Focusing on recent publication of Gaiha et al. (September 17, 2020)
As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, it is a challenge for the scientific community to publish results quickly, and publication often occurs at the price of quality and reproducibility, which in turn undermines the public's trust of science.

Focusing on recent publication of Gaiha et al.

Government intervention in the market for electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). The known, the unknown and the challenges (September 08, 2020)
ENDS are considerably less harmful than cigarettes. Imposing the same tax burden on them (per unit of "harm") as on cigarettes leads to poorer health outcomes. Differential tax treatment of ENDS will encourage more cigarette smokers to switch to ENDS and could save millions of lives worldwide.

Government intervention in the market for electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). The known, the unknown and the challenges

Overcoming barriers to disseminate effective smoking cessation treatments globally (September 08, 2020)
Major gaps remain in cessation products' availability and resource allocation for cessation services globally. Current licensed products are falling short on delivering and sustaining smoking cessation. Innovation in cessation products and services needs to build on learnings in nicotine pharmacokinetics, behavioural insights from consumer research and tap into 21st century tools such as mobile based apps. National implementation of FCTC's Article 14 needs to follow guidelines that encourage integration into existing health programmes and health-care practitioners' (HCPs) upskilling.

Overcoming barriers to disseminate effective smoking cessation treatments globally

Perceptions of nicotine in current and former users of tobacco and tobacco harm reduction products from seven countries (September 08, 2020)
This study specifically assessed public perceptions of nicotine as opposed to products containing nicotine, which is the focus of previous studies. Apart from showing that consumers often incorrectly perceive nicotine and cigarettes as similar in terms of harmfulness, the authors highlight the need for more accurate and complete reporting by the media to clarify widespread misunderstandings and mitigate public uncertainty.

Perceptions of nicotine in current and former users of tobacco and tobacco harm reduction products from seven countries

Goodbye Nicky hello Goldie - exploring the opportunities for transitioning tobacco farmers into cannabis production in Malawi (September 08, 2020)
The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the opportunities for tobacco farmers in Malawi from diversifying to cannabis, and the potential benefits for reducing deforestation by producing a cannabis based alternative fuel. It further argues that there are tensions between the conflicting objectives of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs.

Goodbye Nicky hello Goldie - exploring the opportunities for transitioning tobacco farmers into cannabis production in Malawi

Tobacco smoking in three "left behind" subgroups: indigenous, the rainbow community and people with mental health conditions (September 08, 2020)
This paper aims to investigate the extent to which three subgroups - people with mental health conditions, people belonging to sexual minority and gender groups and Indigenous peoples - have been "left behind" by countries implementing the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

Tobacco smoking in three

Tobacco harm reduction in the 21st century (September 08, 2020)
Toxicological testing, population studies, clinical trials and randomized controlled trials demonstrate the potential reductions in exposures for smokers. Many barriers impede the implementation of product substitution in tobacco harm reduction. These products have been subjected to regulatory bans and heavy taxation and are rejected by smokers and society based on misperceptions about nicotine, sensational media headlines and unsubstantiated fears of youth addiction. These barriers will need to be addressed if tobacco harm reduction is to make the maximum impact on the tobacco endemic.

Tobacco harm reduction in the 21st century

An overview of tobacco control interventions in the Global South (September 08, 2020)
Despite the FCTC detailing the significance of the research, studies are still lacking in the Global South. There are significant research gaps such as longitudinal studies, harm reduction and randomized controlled trials.

An overview of tobacco control interventions in the Global South

Gender and Tobacco Control (August 17, 2020)
For more than thirty years, there have been many calls for the mainstreaming of gender into tobacco control; however, insufficient progress has been made with dire health and economic consequences.

Gender and Tobacco Control

Who is really co-opting harm reduction? (August 17, 2020)
The new generation of tobacco harm reduction products (HRPs) has the potential to save millions of lives and finally end the use of toxic combustible cigarettes.

Who is really co-opting harm reduction?

Models of Smoking-Attributable Mortality Must Consider the Effects of Major Intervention (August 14, 2020)
Smoking-related mortality in 2060 could be cut by about 3.5 million deaths if we: (1) increase access to THR products; and (2) improve treatment, cessation, and diagnostic tools.

Models of Smoking-Attributable Mortality Must Consider the Effects of Major Intervention

A Rose By Any Other Name (August 03, 2020)
Ex-smokers deserve a seat at the table in decisions affecting not only names, but research priorities, regulations, taxes, and bans that affect them.

A Rose By Any Other Name

The Need to Make Harm Reduction, Smoking Cessation Part of Tobacco Control Policies in Pakistan (July 22, 2020)
"Two research studies have highlighted the effective role tobacco harm reduction and cessation strategies can play in achieving the objectives of FCTC and reducing combustible smoking," said Arshad Ali Syed, Project Director of PANTHR. Smoking cessation is completely missing from the tobacco control efforts in Pakistan, he added.

The Need to Make Harm Reduction, Smoking Cessation Part of Tobacco Control Policies in Pakistan

Overcoming barriers to disseminate effective smoking cessation treatments globally (July 13, 2020)
Current available cessation products and services are suboptimal in their effectiveness. Cost and efficacy of current smoking cessation medications on the market is an impediment to availability, accessibility and cessation success in Low-Middle Income Countries (LMICs).

Overcoming barriers to disseminate effective smoking cessation treatments globally

Accelerating an end to smoking: a call to action on the eve of the FCTC's COP9 (July 09, 2020)
As we evaluate progress toward the goals of the FCTC and how best to update its text, it is vital that we learn from the challenges of other treaties, as well as shortcomings of the FCTC itself. Future efforts must prioritize the end of adult smoking, with particular emphasis on demographics and regions where progress has been slow.

Accelerating an end to smoking: a call to action on the eve of the FCTC's COP9

A Policy On Smoking Without Smokers Onboard Is No Good. Here's Why! (July 09, 2020)
Smokers have never been part of the tobacco control policies in Pakistan. Around 27% smokers in Pakistan at least make one attempt in a year and out of them 2.8% quit smoking successfully.

A Policy On Smoking Without Smokers Onboard Is No Good. Here's Why!

The 2019 EVALI 'Misinfodemic' (May 29, 2020)
THC and nicotine vaping involve different devices, liquids, supply chains, people, and purposes. They should not be confused. But they were. Our analysis shows that evaluated news coverage focused primarily on nicotine vaping, and on nicotine itself.

The 2019 EVALI 'Misinfodemic'

ترک سگریٹ نوشی میں مدد گار متبادل


سگریٹ یا تمباکو نوشی کے نقصان دہ اثرات کے بارے میں ستر سال قبل ہونے والی ایک سٹڈ ی میں بتایا گیا تھاتب سے اب تک دنیا میں کروڑوں لوگ تمباکو سے متعلق بیماریوں کے باعث موت کی تاریک وادی میں جا چکے ہیں


صحت، تمباکو اور ریونیو


تمباکو نوشی کا انسان سے رشتہ بہت پرانا ہے۔ تمباکو اور اس سے متعلق مصنوعات کی طویل تاریخ ہے جو 6000سال قبل مسیح میں ملتی ہے۔مقامی امریکیوں کے بارے میں کہا جاتا ہے کہ انہوں نے پہلے تمباکو کی کاشت شروع کی اور یہ 6000سال قبل مسیح میں ہی ہوا۔


انسانی صحت اور عالمی ادارہ صحت


اگر عالمی ادارہ صحت کچھ مختلف طرزِ عمل اختیار نہیں کرتا اور تمباکو پالیسی میں جدّت کو قبول نہیں کرتاتو ادارہ دل، کینسر اور پھیپھڑوں کے امراض میں کمی کے اہداف کے حصول میں بہت پیچھے رہ جائے گا۔


جو فرد سگریٹ نوشی ترک کرنا چاہتا ہے اس کی نیکوٹین کی طلب اور نفسیات کو سامنے رکھتے ہوئے کونسلنگ کی ضرورت ہے، ڈاکٹر احسن لطیف


اگر ہم چاہتے ہیں کہ سگریٹ نوشی ختم ہو جائے تو سگریٹ پینے والوں کواس بارے میں تمام بحث میں سب سے آگے ہونا چاہئے تاکہ وہ اپنی ضرورتوں کا خیال رکھ سکیں۔


ما قبل کورونا اور ما بعد


کورونا کے مابعد اثرات میں ایک خوفناک ترین اثر بڑے پیمانے پر دنیا کی آبادی کے ایک بڑے حصے کا خطِ غربت سے نیچے گِرنے کا اندیشہ ہے جس کے نتیجے میں بے روزگاری اور غربت میں غیر معمولی اضافہ ہو گا۔








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